Special thanks for the fotos to Anders Salesjö, Sweden.
IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable!
North Atlantic and Arctic: Ungava Bay in Canada along the North American coast to Cape Hatteras; North Carolina in the western Atlantic. East and west coast of Greenland; around Iceland; from Barents Sea including the region around Bear Island along the European coast to Bay of Biscay.
Widely distributed in a variety of habitats, from the shoreline down to the continental shelf. Juveniles prefer shallow (less than 10-30 m depth) sublittoral waters with complex habitats, such as seagrass beds, areas with gravel, rocks, or boulder, which provide protection from predators.
Adults are usually found in deeper, colder waters. During the day, form schools and swim about 30-80 m above the bottom, dispersing at night to feed.
Omnivorous; feed at dawn or dusk on invertebrates and fish, including young cod.
Migrate between spawning, feeding and overwintering areas, mostly within the boundaries of the respective stocks.
Migrations >200 km are rare occurrences.
Gadus arenosus Mitchill, 1815
Gadus callarias Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
Gadus callarias hiemalis Taliev, 1931
Gadus callarias kildinensis Derjugin, 1920
Gadus heteroglossus Walbaum, 1792
Gadus morhua callarias Linnaeus, 1758
Gadus morhua kildinensis Derjugin, 1920
Gadus morhua morhua Linnaeus, 1758
Gadus morrhua Linnaeus, 1758 (misspelling)
Gadus nanus Faber, 1829
Gadus ruber Lacepède, 1803 (synonym)
Gadus rupestris Mitchill, 1815
Gadus vertagus Walbaum, 1792
Morhua punctatus Fleming, 1828
Morhua vulgaris Fleming, 1828
Morrhua americana Storer, 1839
Morrhua vulgaris Fleming, 1828 (misspelling)